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  1. 2016.06.27 Educators from 26 countries discuss over solution to prevent violent extremism
APCEIU 안과밖2016.06.27 17:59

Educators from middle-east, Asia, Africa, Latin America and Europe are suggesting GCED as a solution to prevent violent extremism which has caused various social problems including recent refugee issues.

UNESCO APCEIU hosted sessions over the prevention of violent extremism for two days (22th to 23th June). This is a part of the 1st Global Capacity Building Workshop, which is held from 19 June to 2 July in the ROK. The two-week Workshop gathers teacher educators, who are in charge of GCED teacher-training and curriculum development from 26 countries.

Participants of this workshop hosted by UNESCO APCEIU and sponsored by the Korean ministry of education, and Asia Culture Center of Republic of Korea, agreed on the fact that the social conflict is enlarging and the role of education is important to prevent violent extremism.

“The education is a way to prevent youths’ participation in extremist groups.”
Jane WangjiruNyaga from Kenya said, “Kenya has been attacked by extremist groups.” “Youths are the main members of the group because it is offering money in the exchange of joining the group,” and she continued, “This problem can be solved when Kenyan youth finish their regular education and have jobs to earn money. In the sense, this is significantly meaningful for me to participate in this workshop with others who share the same value of education.”

Jose Fernando Mejia, an Executive Director of ‘Programa Aulas en Paz’, said that “Columbia is in the process for the peace agreement with FARC, the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia.” “It is a historical moment since this is the first peace agreement with an extremist group for the past 60 years in Columbia. This is interesting for me to understand the Columbia’s regional problem in the context of a global paradigm.”

Toh Swee-Hin, distinguished professor of University for Peace in Costa Rica, Peter Fredlake, director of Teacher Education and Special Programs of United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, Lydia Ruprecht, senior programme specialist of division of Inclusion, Peace and Sustainable Development in UNESCO, Kelly SIMCOCK, Director of Programme for The Tim Parry Jonathan Ball Foundation for Peace, all shared one voice that violent extremism is demanding another new role to current education.

Lydia Ruprecht introduced a practical teaching guideline for educators through emphasizing the importance of educators’ role and influence to prevent violent extremism. She said, “Education of poor quality can be factor of radicalization and legitimizing inequalities and discrimination, while provided that it addresses the personal and systematic conditions that are conducive to violent extremism and radicalization, education can nurture the defenses against violent extremism.” She explained how to teach to prevent violent extremism, “In macro level, educators need to emphasize that society can correct social inequalities and provide opportunities and alternative routes to individual and collective development. In individual level, educators need to teach ways to strengthen resilience, which includes having socio-emotional skills, critically thinking to understand complexity, acquiring key knowledge about society and developing ability to take action against violent extremism.”

Participants suggested GCED, as a fundamental solution to prevent violent extremism which includes the value of mutual respect and understanding the individual difference. This reflects the international society’s movement to prevent violent extremism, supported by the launching of United Nations’ Plan of Action to Prevent Violent Extremism in January, 2016. Recently, with increasing of violent extremism, UNESCO’s special emphasis has been given to the importance of PVE-E(Preventing Violent Extremism through Education).

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